Hat “Elf” is knitted flat. Sides are seamed at the end, using Kitchener Stitch. For the ties you could make i-cord or crochet cord. Cowl is knitted in the round. This pattern is required the basic technique in knitting (cast on, knit, purl, bind off). The instant downloadable pattern includes: - Full written instructions in English on how to knit this set. - Instructions with 4 sizes: 3-6 months; 6-12 months; 1-2 years; 2-3 years; 4-5 years. GAUGE: 4”/10 cm = 22 sts and 23 rows in 2*2 Rib with US 6/4 mm needles.